Dunedin was a prosperous city in the 19th century due to the discovery of gold in the region. Later, however, industry and the population moved north. This means that the old buildings weren't pulled down for development as much as in some other cities, and it has a fine collection of Victorian and Edwardian architecture.
This is the wonderfully ornate railway station:
A detail of an old house near the archives building:
About a fifth of the population are university students. Since exams are over, many of the students have left town, but not without leaving their mark: